10 Biggest Mistakes to Avoid
When Hiring a Financial Advisor

If you want to build wealth and optimize your financial life, hiring a financial advisor can be a smart move. Unfortunately, not all financial advisors are equal – not by a long shot. And if you hire someone who isn’t qualified, you could wind up worse off than when you started.

1. Not Understanding How an Advisor Is Paid

Financial planning and investment costs can be
confusing, and it’s not uncommon for financial
advisors to not readily disclose their fees. But you
can’t have a trusting working relationship with
someone without fully understanding how they
are being compensated.
Are you paying the advisor directly? Do they
earn commissions from their firm or another
product wholesaler? It’s one thing to know how
you are paying the advisor, it’s another thing
entirely to understand how the advisor is paid
from all sources. Are there incentives for the
advisor to act in ways that go against your best
Not only can this mistake cause you to work with
an advisor who has conflicts of interests, but it
can also lead to wasted money in the form of
unnecessary fees and expenses.
Do the due diligence to understand the nuances
of an advisor’s pay structure. The common phrase
“Follow the money” tells us that we can learn a lot
about a person’s motivations based on how they
are paid.

Follow the Money

2. Not Checking Credentials & Background

Credentials and education play a critical role in your advisor’s competence, and many people mistakenly assume that
everyone who calls themselves a financial advisor has a certain level of education and expertise.

Although there are over 200,000 financial advisors in the U.S., only 25% of financial advisors hold the CFP® designation. Anyone can provide financial planning (and becoming a financial advisor is actually not that hard, you just need to pass a securities exam and get hired by a large brokerage firm), but the CFP Board states that unless someone is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ professional, the quality and accuracy of the financial plan are not guaranteed.

There are hundreds of designations in the financial services field, some of which have more stringent requirements than others,
and education, credentials, and licenses can change the nature and quality of the services provided as well as the legal rights you would have should anything go wrong.

The Gold Standard of Designations

The CFP® certification is considered the industry gold standard for financial planners for
several reasons:

CFP® Board Requirements are much higher than simply passing a securities exam. A
college degree is also a requirement for CFP® professionals.

3. Hiring an Advisor With the Wrong Specialty

Some financial advisors focus on serving a specific demographic or level of investable assets, while others provide more general service. It’s important to understand this up front so you know you’re paying for advice and services that are tailored to your unique needs. 

Advisor specialties are not just a nice cherry on top of the financial planning relationship. Instead, it should be one of your most essential considerations. In all likelihood, there’s an advisor out there who specializes in serving your particular needs—and it’s worth the extra due diligence to find them.

It’s also important to not blindly hire advisors with licenses or specialties you don’t understand. For example, you may think you are being more efficient by hiring an advisor who also has an insurance license, but in reality, you could be creating a constant conflict of interest for your advisor and yourself. How will you ever really know if they are recommending insurance because it’s in your best interest versus recommending it because they get a commission?

Having more licenses or designations doesn’t always mean better. Instead, be intentional about the designations, licenses, and specialties you are looking to work with.

4. Failing to Discuss Investment Philosophy

Many people seek out financial and investment advice because they don’t know much about the industry themselves. Because of that, they often don’t know the right questions to ask or topics to bring up to make sure the advisor they hire really makes sense for their situation. 

One of the most critical topics to cover in the due diligence process is the advisor’s investment philosophy.

It’s important to work with an advisor who shares a planning and investing philosophy similar to your own:

The answer to these questions will make a difference in the type of advisor you should work with. Take the time to understand how your advisor guides clients’ investing and financial decisions before you commit to their services. The last thing you want to do is sign up for a service that is fundamentally incompatible with your investment philosophy.

 A good advisor will help you understand what you are looking for and whether or not
they can meet your investment needs.

5. Believing an Advisor Who Is
Trying to Beat the Market

If you’ve ever spent time looking for a financial advisor, you’ve probably heard at least some of them claim that their investment strategies can “beat the market.” It can be enticing to think about how much money you can make working with an advisor who
promises extraordinary returns with little downside risk. But if something sounds too good to be true, it usually is; and beating the market is no exception.

In fact, a new study reports that nearly 80% of active fund managers are underperforming their benchmarks. That means that while some actively managed funds had higher returns than their comparable index, the vast majority did not. Instead of working with an
advisor who is trying to beat the market, clients should focus their attention, time, and energy on finding an advisor who:

6. Confusing the Terms Fee-Based
and Fee-Only, Broker-Dealer,
and Financial Planner

Another common mistake people make is confusing several key terms that are important in understanding who you are working with and how they do business. These include:

As you can see, the difference between these terms makes a huge difference in the type of service you will receive.

7. Choosing an Advisor Who Isn't
a Fiduciary 100% of the Time

This mistake goes hand-in-hand with #6. Without properly understanding what these terms mean, you may find yourself working with a broker when you actually wanted a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™. You might be paying fees and commissions when you wanted to pay fee-only, and you may find your investment recommendations are only subject to the suitability standard when you wanted to work with a fiduciary. 

An advisor who serves as a fiduciary accepts a responsibility to put his or her clients’ interests first and foremost in all decisions. A fiduciary is legally required to avoid conflicts of interest and remain unbiased in their recommendations and advice.

How can you know for certain that an advisor you’re interviewing is a fiduciary? The firm will either be listed as a Registered Investment Advisor or the advisors on the team will hold certifications that hold them to the fiduciary standard, such as the CERTIFIED
FINANCIAL PLANNER™, Chartered Financial Analyst®, or Certified Public Accountant professional designations. Keep in mind, if the advisor doesn’t fit those descriptions, they may still act as a fiduciary in certain situations, like sharing a recommendation, but not
necessarily when selling products.

Because it’s impossible to know for certain when someone is acting as a fiduciary versus a product salesman, it can be more difficult to trust an advisor who is not a fiduciary 100% of the time. Keeping this in mind as you vet potential candidates can
help you avoid conflicts of interest and find the right advisor for your unique needs.

8. Not Hiring a Team

At some firms, you may work with only one person, while other firms may have a team approach. This is an important consideration when hiring an advisor. You may assume that a one-on-one relationship is the best way to develop true trust and receive the best level
of service, but this is a common misconception.

It’s better to work with a team so that your main point of contact always has backup. If you were to work with just one person, what would happen if they went on vacation, retired, or suddenly became ill? You would have a disruption of service at the bare minimum. On the more severe end, you would find yourself looking for a new advisor yet again.

Not only does a team approach provide continuity to your financial plan, but it also provides a greater degree of expertise and a broader range of knowledge.

It’s never a bad idea to have a second, or even third set of eyes working on your plan.

9. Not Investigating the Underlying
Costs of Your Investments

Many people don’t realize how much goes into the cost of various investments. It’s not just a sticker price; there are often underlying fees that can drive the cost up significantly.

Let’s take a look at mutual funds, for example. They are one of the most popular ways to invest in a large variety of assets with relative ease. However, some mutual funds charge much higher fees than others, including:

Aside from wanting to get the best bang for your buck, understanding the cost of your investments can have a big impact on your long-term return. According to a recent Vanguard study, lower-cost investments actually perform better than higher-cost investments.

A good advisor should be willing to discuss the costs associated with their investment recommendations and help you find low-cost alternatives.

10. Letting Your Financial Advisor
Lead With Investments

Lastly, don’t let your financial advisor lead with investments. There is no way an advisor can accurately assess your needs and recommend an appropriate investment strategy within the first hour of meeting you. If your advisor is asking for past investment
statements, designing a prospective portfolio, or making specific recommendations before they’ve even asked about your goals or risk tolerance, chances are they are not creating a strategy tailored to your needs.

Investments should be one component of a comprehensive financial plan—and a good advisor will tell you that. Look for an advisor who leads with planning and is willing to spend the first several meetings getting to know you, outlining your goals, and gathering information about your current financial situation, all before discussing specific investment recommendations.

Once your advisor has offered investment recommendations, don’t be afraid to ask why they are recommending particular services and solutions over others.

If the solution is truly customized to your needs, the advisor should be able to
thoroughly explain why one strategy was chosen over another.

Don't Make These Mistakes
When Hiring a Financial Advisor

Are you looking for a financial advisor but you’re unsure where to start? Do you want to work with a fiduciary who is committed to always putting your needs first? At Calamita Wealth Management, we are here for you. Our fee-only, comprehensive financial planning
process has helped affluent individuals and families throughout the country. With over 20 years of industry experience, we are passionate about serving our clients as fiduciary financial advisors. Schedule an introductory phone call using our online calendar or reach out to us at (704) 276-7325 or myretirement@calamitawealth.com.

About Todd

our team - todd calamita

Todd Calamita is the founder and managing principal of Calamita Wealth Management, an independent, fee-only wealth management company located in Charlotte, NC, serving people locally and across the country, that focuses on providing wealth management solutions to affluent individuals over age 50 and their families. Todd has more than 20
years of experience in the financial services industry and is passionate about helping people have a better life by designing and implementing customized financial plans that bring clarity and confidence. Todd is a CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ and CERTIFIED DIVORCE FINANCIAL ANALYST® professional and holds a Bachelor of Business Administration from Ohio University and a Master of Business Administration from the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University. He has authored a book, Plan Smart: Conquering 10 Common Money Traps, as well as numerous articles on wide-ranging personal finance topics, from taxes to retirement accounts. He has also been featured in a Financial Boot Camp TV series as a volunteer showing people how to make smart decisions with their money. When he’s not working, you can find Todd spending time with his wife, Teresa, and their two sons, Colin and Cameron. He enjoys rock climbing, swimming, and traveling, and he has a black belt in Tang Soo Do, a Korean martial art. To learn more about Todd, connect with him on LinkedIn.